The Security Role of Football Stadiums on Marketing Mix Development

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc. of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Biostatistics, National Population Studies and Comprehensive Management Institute, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The sports industry is one of the most popular fields between the nations that need to interact with several factors, from stadium security to marketing staff. Today, security and crowd management are more critical than ever. In many events, the lack of proper security management has caused to be a bitter event due to it. It has created serious risks for the investors that have participated in the game. Due to this, maintaining a long-term relationship with them is a severe challenge. Research has shown a positive correlation between security in sporting events and security in the business. However, few studies have examined how this is. This study utilized samples that included 300 sport management experts. The research tool included: "Marketing mix standard" and "researcher-made security" questionnaires, each with 45 items. Using exploratory factor analysis, security determinants related to the marketing mix of sports events, which were related to the marketing mix of the tournament, were identified. The results showed that 12 factors have contributed to security, and 11 elements were involved in the marketing mix. The results showed that security documentation and training should receive special attention along with hardware and software management of venues, management and planning, and physical protection, as well as security services and facilities, to improve the security conditions in soccer matches. Managers must have proper management, which leads to the satisfaction of spectators and prevention of crowded. The sense of security creates a suitable atmosphere for marketing activities in sports events.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

نقش امنیت استادیوم های فوتبال بر توسعه آمیخته بازاریابی

Authors [Persian]

  • ژاله معماری 1
  • مرضیه لعل بیداری 2
  • مهسا سعادتی 3
1 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران
2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیار آمار، مرکز مطالعات جمعیت شناختی و جامع تخصصی، تهران، ایران